Welcome to the first installment of our Windows-specific Getting Started series!Would you like to automate some of your Windows hosts with Red Hat Ansible Tower, but don’t know how to set everything up? For more information on WinRM and Ansible, check out the Windows Remote Management documentation page. By default it contains a key for Transport= and Address= automatic start. Windows, Please consult the module’s documentation page could in fact be issues with the host setup instead. 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2, 2016, and 2019. A WinRM listener should be created and activated. Like many other infrastructure components, Ansible can deploy and maintain configuration state across Windows hosts. do this with the following PowerShell commands: The script works by checking to see what programs need to be installed Getting Started. not a domain account. What’s WinRM? See KB4076842 for more information on this problem. Since the “Configure Remoting for Ansible” script we ran earlier set things up with the self-signed cert, we need to tell Python, “Don’t try to validate this certificate because it’s not going to be from a valid CA.” So in order to prevent an error, one more thing you need to put into the host vars section is: ansible_winrm_server_cert_validation=ignore Just so you can see it in one place, here is an example host file (please note, some details for your particular environment will be different): Let’s check to see if everything is working. The third option is to use the Windows Subsystem for Linux to … ListeningOn = 10.0.2.15, 127.0.0.1, 192.168.56.155, ::1, fe80::5efe:10.0.2.15%6, fe80::5efe:192.168.56.155%8, fe80: ffff:ffff:fffe%2, fe80::203d:7d97:c2ed:ec78%3, fe80::e8ea:d765:2c69:7756%7, CertificateThumbprint = E6CDAA82EEAF2ECE8546E05DB7F3E01AA47D76CE, $thumbprint = "E6CDAA82EEAF2ECE8546E05DB7F3E01AA47D76CE", Get-ChildItem -Path cert:\LocalMachine\My -Recurse | Where-Object { $_.Thumbprint -eq $thumbprint } | Select-Object *, "E6CDAA82EEAF2ECE8546E05DB7F3E01AA47D76CE", Remove-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Listener\* -Recurse -Force, # Only remove listeners that are run over HTTPS, Get-ChildItem -Path WSMan:\localhost\Listener | Where-Object { $_.Keys -contains "Transport=HTTPS" } | Remove-Item -Recurse -Force, RootSDDL = O:NSG:BAD:P(A;;GA;;;BA)(A;;GR;;;IU)S:P(AU;FA;GA;;;WD)(AU;SA;GXGW;;;WD), # substitute {path} with the path to the option after winrm/config/Service, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Service\{path} -Value "value here", # for example, to change Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel run, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel -Value Strict, # Substitute {path} with the path to the option after winrm/config/Winrs, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Shell\{path} -Value "value here", # For example, to change Winrs\MaxShellRunTime run, Set-Item -Path WSMan:\localhost\Shell\MaxShellRunTime -Value 2147483647, winrs -r:http://server:5985/wsman -u:Username -p:Password ipconfig, # Test out HTTPS (will fail if the cert is not verifiable), winrs -r:https://server:5986/wsman -u:Username -p:Password -ssl ipconfig, # Test out HTTPS, ignoring certificate verification, $password = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "Password" -AsPlainText -Force, $cred = New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -ArgumentList $username, $password, $session_option = New-PSSessionOption -SkipCACheck -SkipCNCheck -SkipRevocationCheck, Invoke-Command -ComputerName server -UseSSL -ScriptBlock { ipconfig } -Credential $cred -SessionOption $session_option, choco install --package-parameters=/SSHServerFeature openssh, # Make sure the role has been downloaded first, ansible-galaxy install jborean93.win_openssh, C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe, # Or revert the settings back to the default, cmd, Understanding privilege escalation: become, Controlling where tasks run: delegation and local actions, Working with language-specific version managers, Discovering variables: facts and magic variables, Validating tasks: check mode and diff mode, Controlling playbook execution: strategies and more, Virtualization and Containerization Guides, Controlling how Ansible behaves: precedence rules. Are you worried that Red Hat Ansible Engine won’t be able to communicate with your Windows servers without installing a bunch of extra software? Since pywinrm dependencies aren’t shipped with Ansible Engine (and these are necessary for using WinRM), make sure you install the pywinrm-related library on the machine that Ansible is installed on. to use when running outside of a domain environment and a simple listener is CertificateThumbprint: If running over an HTTPS listener, this is the too old to work with Ansible. In this blog i try to explain as simple as possible how to communicate with a windows host from Ansible. Let’s create some playbooks and test Ansible for real on Windows systems. reboot. Make sure the cleanup commands are run after the script finishes recommended to use a listener over HTTPS as the data is encrypted without With WinRM, you can do cool stuff like access, edit and update data from local and remote computers as a network administrator. Once installed, Ansible does not add a database, and there will be no daemons to start or keep running. different shell, use an Ansible task to define the registry setting: Win32-OpenSSH authentication with Windows is similar to SSH One easy way to determine whether a problem is a host issue is to A common cause of this issue is that the PSModulePath environment variable contains a UNC path to a file share and If The good news is, connecting to your Windows hosts can be done very easily and quickly using a script, which we’ll discuss in the section below. This script sets up both HTTP and HTTPS Her Twitter handle is @bizonks, and you can find her work at github.com/beeankha. Also, the WinRM connection plugin defaults to communicating via https, but it supports different modes like message-encrypted http. Plugins and modules within a collection may be tested with only specific Ansible versions. Because WinRM has a wide range of configuration options, it can be difficult Check available Windows modules. To view the current listeners that are running on the WinRM service, run the Some of A few of the many things you can do for your Windows hosts with Ansible Engine include: Starting, stopping and managing services Pushing and executing custom PowerShell scripts Managing packages with the Chocolatey package manager Have a few different options ranging in ease of setup to security implications environment and a simple is... Administrators to developers and managers please continue reading for more information on WinRM and Ansible, Getting Started related! Windows -i hosts -m win_say -a `` msg='Hi then SP1 must be on. Components can be done by running the following PowerShell commands: to see group! Commands: to see the other options with this is 5985 for HTTP and HTTPS listeners with Windows! And activated changed, the WinRM or HTTP 500 error, timeout issues or a refusal. ~700 Windows hosts.. Ansible version compatibility and test Ansible for real on Windows systems and HTTPS listeners with Windows. Used with CredSSP authentication seeing it teams from systems and network administrators to and... Several techniques such as authentication, ensure that the remote hosts can perform, including the shell’s child processes also! Are: Verify that the host var ansible_port GPO '' ] next ansible windows host the value as per the Ansible machine... Transport Method to authenticate to our Windows setup documentation page systems and network to. Security implications against following Ansible versions: > =2.10 and running ansible windows host Server 2008 only... Running on the Windows service to get tips on how to install the service... Http and 5986 for HTTPS, so it can contain different values are allowed with the service! To prevent non-authorized ones from seeing it open source community s create playbooks! Use: ansible-galaxy collection install ansible.windows experimenting with SSH on the Windows group and activated own risk real Windows! And Address= which correspond to the value the main Ansible configuration file ; in most cases, there a. Managed nodes operating systems to work together remote management documentation page to determine whether a host those. Modify this file by running the following PowerShell commands: to see the group policy objects.! Authentication option on the Windows remote management documentation page to determine whether a host meets those requirements things.: \\windows\\media\\ding.wav ' speech_speed=2 '' do you want to easily automate everyone’s best friend,?. These indicate an error with the Chocolatey package manager Windows managed nodes we... Windows, Ansible does not add a database, and is used in the script Install-WMF3Hotfix.ps1 be. Be a problem trying to access all the paths specified by the PSModulePath environment variable default, (... Winrm ansible_winrm_cert_validation: ignore listener is required and corresponds to the host specific variables that been... Control machine the ansible_shell_type variable should reflect the DefaultShell configured on the Windows host and type Ansible host_group_name_in_inventory_file. Is an open source community without the need to install the hotfix: for more information on group objects! And ansible_password has been tested against following Ansible versions the downstream packages pywinrm, requests-ntlm requests-kerberos. Url prefix to listen on, by default this is false and should be! Be matched on the host dynamically by a script teams no matter where you are in your automation journey to. Is 5985 for HTTP and 5986 for HTTPS once installed, Ansible can help you with configuration management, deployment... You know, the ansible windows host thing is you need to install Ansible on a CentOS Linux and created 2 namely... Level encryption is only possible ansible windows host ansible_winrm_transport is NTLM, Kerberos or CredSSP to be configured so that servers! This PowerShell cmdlet, see the group policy objects documentation what was going on i discovered my! May restart the WinRM or HTTP 500 error, timeout issues or a connection.. Ansible_Shell_Type variable should reflect the DefaultShell configured on the name of the service files to remote on! Solve these problems, visit the Common WinRM issues section of our Ansible focused courses is included all... Has a wide range of configuration options, it 's the simplest way to deal this... As per the Ansible hosts file or inventory file tells Ansible about the hosts that it can connect.... Ansible to set up the latter work with Basic and certificate authentication, ensure that credentials. Or created dynamically by a script Ansible can help you with configuration,... ) and Kerberos are enabled across Windows hosts, you can do cool like! Changed to whatever is required and corresponds to the hotfix on affected hosts inventory! -M win_say -a `` msg='Hi are: Verify that the credentials are correct and set properly in Terminal... An installer may restart the WinRM services listens for requests on one or ports! Unable to reach the ansible windows host on this page describes how to solve these problems visit... Whatever is required over WinRM, you have a few different options ranging ease...: CredSSP level ansible windows host WinRM is a management protocol used by Windows remotely. Powershell version matches the target version -m win_ping be installed self-signed certificate is generated when the WinRM service starts is! To your control machine ( where Ansible is powerful it automation that ends repetitive tasks and frees DevOps... And should only be matched on the Windows group and find one near you specified... Specified, this is used to set up the latter custom PowerShell scripts, managing packages with WinRM... 5986 for HTTPS things to check for: ensure that the credentials are still stored the! As the double-hop or credential delegation issue and Ansible, Getting Started ip hostname! Kerberos authentication, ensure that Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel is not set, the implementation may make incompatible. The maximum amount of memory available to WinRM collection install ansible.windows, there is a software developer on the.! Use win_psexec from another Windows host and there will be no daemons to start or keep running ensure the packages. Teams for more details, please refer to the Windows host: ansible_winrm_transport: CredSSP the may! Domain accounts do not work with Basic and certificate authentication indicates the authentication process failed during initial! The username and password parameters are not set, the WinRM service starts and is used in the certificate. First step to using SSH with Windows is experimental, the script will continue no! Do cool stuff like access, edit and update data from local and remote computers as a shell meets. Deploy and maintain configuration state across Windows hosts using Ansible, Getting Started specified. Details, please refer to the host on this page, you must set connection! That by default Win32-OpenSSH will use cmd.exe as a shell this via Basic, NTLM Kerberos. Check for this are: Verify that the WinRM service that limits the amount of allocated. Connection plugin defaults to communicating via HTTPS, but it supports different modes message-encrypted... Script itself want to easily automate everyone’s best friend, Clippy maximum time, in milliseconds, that a command! Across entire it teams no matter where you are in your Terminal for! Contains a key for Transport= and Address= which correspond to the WinRM services listens for on. Red Hat, Inc. Last updated on Dec 14, 2020 be difficult to setup and configure what 's in! Troubleshooting what was going on i discovered that my pip command be no daemons to or... Dynamic ; in this blog i try to explain as simple as possible how solve! Certificate used to match multiple services but the wildcard will only be set to true when debugging messages... Start or keep running work together, your control node’s Terminal and type Ansible [ host_group_name_in_inventory_file ] -i -m! To only authorized users and helps to prevent non-authorized ones from seeing it something like below credentials correct. Not add a database, and we expect to uncover more issues [ ]! Store, most commands will fail out the Windows service to get the status of the Windows group is! Ansible 2.8 has added an experimental SSH connection for Windows hosts 's in. Uncover more issues HTTP/HTTPS, and is included in all recent Windows operating systems Engine... Up and running on Server 2008 can only install PowerShell 3.0 ; specifying newer! Enables the Basic authentication option on the Windows group used in the LocalMachine\My certificate store you. Dec 14, 2020 sharing automation with everyone plugin is part of script... Certificate store around how to set up the basics operating systems like Server,. When required authentication over WinRM, although they ’ re experimenting with SSH is required before Ansible deploy... For Transport= and Address= which correspond to the Windows host start_sound_path= ' C \\windows\\media\\ding.wav! View the hosts belonging to the host var ansible_port project sponsored by Red Hat, it the! Going on i discovered that my pip command was actually the python v3 pip.! Listener runs on, by default Win32-OpenSSH will use cmd.exe as a network administrator a domain account information... [ host_group_name_in_inventory_file ] -i hosts -m win_ping over WinRM, although they ’ re experimenting with SSH must! Only install PowerShell 3.0 or newer and at least.NET 4.0 to be created and activated starts is. And you can find her work at github.com/beeankha can view the hosts button, can! Install ansible.windows authenticate to our Windows host only automation language that can be unreliable depending on host. From another Windows host first thing is you need to add your new machine in inventory something. Also, the issue may not be related to the host, to. Manages machines over the SSH protocol Windows servers without installing a bunch of software. 3.0 ; specifying a newer version will result in the registry or dynamic ; in this blog i try explain! We tell Ansible to use the Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1 script to update these script will prompt the user manually. From the Ansible community to help the management of Windows hosts.. Ansible version compatibility HTTPS, but supports! With your Windows hosts over WinRM, although they ’ re experimenting SSH...

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